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During his junior year, he won first prize in an oratorical contest sponsored by the Negro Elks Club in Dublin, Georgia.Returning home to Atlanta by bus, he and his teacher were ordered by the driver to stand so that white passengers could sit down.In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D. Ray was sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder, and died in 1998 from hepatitis while serving his sentence. refusing to listen to a traffic policeman after being referred to as "boy," or stalking out of a store with his son when being told by a shoe clerk that they would have to "move to the rear" of the store to be served.C., to be called the Poor People's Campaign, when he was assassinated by James Earl Ray on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a U. When King was a child, he befriended a white boy whose father owned a business near his family's home."Martin Luther King", "MLK", "Reverend King", and "Luther King" redirect here.
In the final years of his life, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam". Ray, who fled the country, was arrested two months later at London Heathrow Airport. King said that his father regularly whipped him until he was fifteen; a neighbor reported hearing the elder King telling his son "he would make something of him even if he had to beat him to death." King saw his father's proud and fearless protests against segregation, such as King Sr.
He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president.
With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the 1963 nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama.
King was on the committee from the Birmingham African-American community that looked into the case; because Colvin was pregnant and unmarried, E. Nixon and Clifford Durr decided to wait for a better case to pursue.
In 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth, Joseph Lowery, and other civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).